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Which classification system defines best prognosis of mucinous neoplasms of the appendix with peritoneal dissemination: TNM vs PSOGI?


Aims Several classification systems are used for pseudomyxoma peritonei. The four-tiered classification system proposed by Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI) and the two-tiered proposed by the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) result from evolution in terminology and pathological insight. The aim is to evaluate the impact of PSOGI and eighth edition of the AJCC classifications on survival.

Methods Pathological slides were reviewed from a prospectively maintained database including patients treated with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for an appendiceal mucinous neoplasm with peritoneal dissemination between January 2009 and December 2019. Patients were reclassified according to PSOGI and AJCC eighth edition criteria. Survival analysis evaluated the impact of each classification system on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) while the concordance-index evaluated their predictive power.

Results 95 patients were identified; 21.1% were reclassified as acellular mucin, 55.8% as low-grade mucinous carcinoma peritonei, 8.4% as high-grade MCP (HGMCP) and 14 as HGMCP with signet ring cells. Median OS was not reached, 5-year OS and DFS were 86.1% and 51.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed significant associations with OS (PSOGI: HR 10.2, p=0.039; AJCC: HR 7.7, p=0.002) and DFS (PSOGI: HR 12.7, p=0.001; AJCC: HR 3.7, p<0.001). The predictive capacity of both classification systems was unacceptable for OS and DFS (concordance-index values <0.7).

Conclusions Both classification systems behaved similarly when stratifying our series into prognostic groups. The PSOGI classification provides better histopathological description, but histology alone is insufficient for adequate patient prognostication.

  • appendix
  • chemotherapy
  • cancer
  • regional perfusion
  • neoplasms
  • peritoneum

Data availability statement

No data are available.

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