PTEN is a well-known tumour suppressor protein that is frequently found to be mutated, inactivated or deleted in a wide range of different cancers. Its tumour suppressive properties result predominantly from its inhibitory effects on the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway. In melanoma, numerous different PTEN mutations have been identified in both melanoma cell lines and melanoma tissue. A number of different molecules can act on PTEN to either promote its suppression of melanoma, while other molecules may antagonise PTEN to inhibit its mechanism of action against melanoma. This review will discuss how the interactions of PTEN with other molecules may have a positive or negative impact on melanoma pathogenesis, giving rise to the potential for PTEN-targeted therapies against melanoma.
- Pathology, Molecular
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Handling editor Rizwana Afroz.
Contributors FAI wrote the first draft of the manuscript, contributed to the revision and figure preparation. AS contributed to drafting of the manuscript and edited drafts of the manuscript. KD oversaw the first draft, edited all versions and contributed to figure preparation.
Funding This work was funded by the Cancer Institute NSW (KD).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.