Article Text

Mitochondrial-derived peptides as a novel intervention for obesity and cardiac diseases: bench evidence for potential bedside application
  1. Wichida Kaorop1,2,3,
  2. Chayodom Maneechote1,3,
  3. Sirinart Kumfu1,2,3,
  4. Siriporn C Chattipakorn1,3,4,
  5. Nipon Chattipakorn1,2,3
  1. 1Cardiac Electrophysiology Research and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  2. 2Cardiac Electrophysiology Unit, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  3. 3Center of Excellence in Cardiac Electrophysiology Research, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  4. 4Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  1. Correspondence to Professor Nipon Chattipakorn, Cardiac Electrophysiology Research and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; nchattip{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Currently, obesity is the most common major health problem for people worldwide. Obesity is known to be a significant risk factor for several diseases, including metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, eventually leading to the development of chronic systemic disorders. Previous studies showed that mitochondrial dysfunction could be one of the potential mechanisms for obesity progression. Most interventions used for combating obesity have also been reported to modulate mitochondrial function, suggesting the potential role of mitochondria in the pathology of the obese condition. Recent studies have shown that peptides produced by mitochondria, mitochondrial-derived peptides (MDPs), potentially improve metabolic function and exert benefits in obesity-associated diabetes and various heart pathologies. In this review, the roles of MDPs in the metabolic pathways and their use in the treatment of various adverse effects of obesity are comprehensively summarised based on collective evidence from in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies. The roles of MDPs as novel therapeutic interventions for cardiac dysfunction caused by various stresses or toxicities are also presented and discussed. This review aims to summarise the knowledge regarding the effects of MDPs on obesity, with a particular emphasis on their potential protective effects on the impaired cardiac function associated with obesity. The information from this review will also encourage further clinical investigations to warrant the potential application of MDP interventions in the clinical setting in the future.

  • apoptosis
  • diabetes mellitus
  • heart
  • myocardial ischemia
  • pathology, molecular

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Rizwana Afroz.

  • WK and CM contributed equally.

  • Contributors SCC and NC: Conceptualisation. WK, CM and SK: Writing of the manuscript—original draft. SCC and NC: Writing of the manuscript—review and editing. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

  • Funding This work was supported by the NSTDA Research Chair grant from the National Science and Technology Development Agency Thailand (NC), the Senior Research Scholar Grant from the National Research Council of Thailand (SCC), the Chiang Mai University Center of Excellence Award (NC), the National Research Council of Thailand, Fundamental Fund 2022, Chiang Mai University (FF65/044) (CM), the National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) (N42A650187, CM) and (N42A650303, SK) and the National Research Council of Thailand grants NRCT-Royal Golden Jubilee Program (N41A650084) (WK and NC).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.