Table 2

Serum lipid (mmol/litre), apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-1) and apo B100 (both g/litre) values, and LCAT activity of mothers with diabetes, control mothers, and their newborns

MothersNewborns
Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4
Values are means (SEM).
Group 1, mothers with poorly controlled diabetes and macrosomic newborns.
Group 2, mothers with well controlled diabetes and appropriate for gestational age newborns.
Group 3, healthy mothers with macrosomic newborns.
Group 4, healthy mothers with appropriate for gestational age newborns.
Values within a row with different numbers of asterisks are significantly different, p < 0.05.
LCAT, lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase.
Triglycerides4.25 (0.17)*2.90 (0.2)**2.99 (0.20)**2.60 (0.21)**1.45 (0.20)*0.58 (0.12)**0.80 (0.15)**0.62 (0.10)**
Phospholipids3.54 (0.23)3.69 (0.20)3.80 (0.16)3.70 (0.12)2.50 (0.14)*1.66 (0.11)**1.86 (0.14)**1.75 (0.20)**
Unesterified cholesterol1.50 (0.10)1.52 (0.11)1.64 (0.14)1.55 (0.14)1.00 (0.04)*0.71 (0.03)**0.72 (0.04)**0.70 (0.03)**
Cholesteryl esters5.10 (0.40)4.98 (0.45)5.20 (0.51)4.90 (0.61)1.30 (0.02)*1.12 (0.03)**1.10 (0.02)**1.08 (0.01)**
Apo A-I1.10 (0.03)**1.58 (0.02)*1.62 (0.05)*1.60 (0.04)*0.92 (0.03)*0.65 (0.0)**0.70 (0.02)**0.68 (0.01)**
Apo B1001.68 (0.04)*1.20 (0.06)**1.18 (0.05)**1.10 (0.06)**0.50 (0.0)*0.20 (0.04)**0.21 (0.06)**0.18 (0.02)**
LCAT (nmol/ml/h)269 (48)270 (55)275 (67)252 (56)160 (41)123 (52)133 (43)110 (50)