Table 3

Serum lipoprotein concentrations and composition of mothers and their newborns

MothersNewborns
Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4
Mass is measured in g/litre; triglycerides and cholesterol are measured in mmol/litre.
Values are mean (SEM).
Group 1, mothers with poorly controlled diabetes and macrosomic newborns.
Group 2, mothers with well controlled diabetices and appropriate for gestational age newborns.
Group 3, healthy mothers with macrosomic newborns.
Group 4, healthy mothers with appropriate for gestational age newborns.
Lipoprotein mass was the sum of protein, triglyceride, phospholipid, unesterified cholesterol and cholesteryl ester contents of each fraction.
Values within a row with different numbers of asterisks are significantly different, p < 0.05.
VLDL
Mass3.81 (0.20)*2.62 (0.18)**2.81 (0.16)**2.47 (0.27)**1.42 (0.10)*0.57 (0.11)**0.70 (0.06)**0.65 (0.08)**
Triglycerides2.43 (0.15)*1.71 (0.05)**1.75 (0.10)**1.66 (0.04)**0.60 (0.03)*0.16 (0.05)**0.27 (0.04)**0.20 (0.03)**
Cholesterol0.72 (0.05)0.67 (0.05)0.74 (0.04)0.65 (0.06)0.61 (0.04)*0.20 (0.03)**0.27 (0.03)**0.24 (0.02)**
LDL
Mass (g/l)4.92 (0.31)4.44 (0.43)4.80 (0.22)4.62 (0.31)1.30 (0.10)*0.70 (0.08)**0.60 (0.11)**0.65 (0.10)**
Triglycerides0.91 (0.06)0.82 (0.06)0.75 (0.06)0.70 (0.08)0.31 (0.03)*0.13 (0.02)**0.16 (0.04)**0.12 (0.02)**
Cholesterol4.10 (0.22)3.89 (0.28)3.95 (0.15)3.70 (0.26)0.72 (0.04)*0.30 (0.04)**0.35 (0.03)**0.33 (0.05)**
HDL 2
Mass3.01 (0.24)2.85 (0.21)2.83 (0.24)2.76 (0.28)1.92 (0.1)*1.45 (0.1)**1.55 (0.08)**1.52 (0.07)**
Triglycerides0.51 (0.04)*0.22 (0.03)**0.20 (0.03)**0.15 (0.04)**0.31 (0.03)*0.14 (0.04)**0.15 (0.03)**0.14 (0.03)**
Cholesterol1.30 (0.12)1.26 (0.15)1.33 (0.11)1.28 (0.13)0.52 (0.05)**0.75 (0.03)*0.81 (0.04)*0.76 (0.03)*
HDL 3
Mass1.72 (0.10)**2.61 (0.11)*2.72 (0.08)*2.56 (0.16)*2.01 (0.20)1.42 (0.11)1.52 (0.13)1.43 (0.08)
Triglycerides0.44 (0.03)*0.21 (0.04)**0.23 (0.05)**0.15 (0.04)**0.32 (0.04)*0.15 (0.02)**0.16 (0.02)**0.15 (0.03)**
Cholesterol0.53 (0.04)**0.76 (0.10)*0.80 (0.08)*0.82 (0.12)*0.40 (0.05)*0.42 (0.04)**0.39 (0.03)**0.43 (0.03)**