Table 5

Comorbidities associated with obesity

SystemSymptom, sign, or disease
CardiovascularHypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, ankle oedema, varicose veins
RespiratoryShortness of breath, sleep apnoea, pickwickian syndrome
GastrointestinalIndigestion, reflux oesophagitis, gallstones, fatty liver
MusculoskeletalArthritis, back pain
SkinVenous stasis of legs, intertrigo, acanthosis nigricans
Endocrine and metabolicGlucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidaemia, polycystic ovary syndrome, amenorrhoea, lipodystrophy