Table 1

 Clinical data for the three groups of patients

Group 1Group 2Group 3
Group 1: patients with Helicobacter pylori gastritis and carditis; group 2: patients with normal antrum and corpus but inflammation of cardiac mucosa; group 3: patients with normal antrum and corpus and non-inflamed cardiac mucosa; 10 patients in each group.
*Erosive and/or histological oesophagitis; †reflux-like symptoms as main indication for gastroscopy.
There was a significant difference in the presence of oesophagitis between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.0102, Fischer’s exact test), and a borderline significant difference between H pylori positive (group 1) and H pylori negative (groups 2 and 3) patients (p = 0.0485).
Median age (range)38 (19–44)37 (24–40)32 (22–42)
Hiatus hernia363
Reflux symptoms†465
Z-line irregular587