TableĀ 3

Identifying random and systematic error

Control rule violationType of errorExamples of error32
12.5s, 13s, 13.5s R4s RandomMechanical variation, for example, pipetting error
Detector variation
Electrical interference
22s, 2of32s, 31s 41s, 6x, 8x, 9x, 10x, 12x SystematicReagent lot bias
Calibration bias
Within run bias