Table 1A

Summary table of in-house protocols published by public health and research labs at the time of discovery of COVID-19 (

CountryInstituteGene targetsReference
ChinaChina CDCORF1ab and N
GermanyCharitéRdRP, E, N
Hong Kong SARHKUORF1b-nsp14, N
JapanNational Institute of Infectious Diseases, Department of Virology IIIPancorona and multiple targets, spike protein
ThailandNational Institutes of HealthN
USA*US CDCThree targets in N gene
FranceInstitut Pasteur, ParisTwo targets in RdRP
  • *CDC update effective from 15 March 2020.

  • CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; ORF, open reading frame.