Table 1

Primary and secondary causes of dilated cardiomyopathy

Aetiology of dilated cardiomyopathy
Primary Genetic
Non-genetic
Mixed
Secondary Myocardial disease
Coronary heart disease
Hypertension
Cardiomyopathy
Myocarditis
Endocardial disease
Endocarditis
Endocardial fibroelastosis
Pericardial disease
Constrictive pericarditis
Pericardial effusion
Arrhythmia and conduction disorders
Tachyarrhythmia atrial, ventricular
Bradyarrhythmia
Sinus node dysfunction
Atrioventricular block
Valvular heart disease
Mitral
Aortic
Tricuspid
Pulmonary
High output states
Anaemia
Thyrotoxicosis
Infection/Sepsis
Infiltrative/proliferative disease
Immunologic disease
Metabolic disease
Storage disease
Arteriovenous fistula
Volume overload
Renal failure
Iatrogenic (postoperative fluid infusion
Congenital heart disease
Stress-induced
Peripartum
Toxic origin
Other rare forms
  • Bold text represents subclassification of primary and secondary DCM.

  • DCM, dilated cardiomyopathy.