Table 2

Biochemistry at presentation (all patient data)

TestNumber of resultsTest result (median (IQR))Abnormal results (%)
Ethnic minorityWhiteEthnic minorityWhiteP valueEthnic minorityWhiteP value
Albumin (g/L)21110037.0 (34.0–39.5)37.5 (34.0–41.0)0.24730330.668
ALP (IU/L)20910074.0 (57.0–98.0)84.0 (63.0–102.5)0.03912170.302
ALT (IU/L)1043341.0 (27.8–58.0)32.0 (17.0–70.0)0.07829271.000
AST (IU/L)2069952.0 (35.2–76.0)40.0 (28.0–71.5)0.00875560.001
Total bilirubin (µmol/L)2111009.0 (6.5–13.0)9.0 (6.0–14.0)0.617661.000
Adjusted calcium (mmol/L)183812.3 (2.2–2.4)2.3 (2.2–2.4)0.53719220.604
CK (IU/L)6331270.0 (111.5–1139.0)163.0 (63.5–725.0)0.44767520.236
Creatinine (µmol/L)211100106.0 (80.0–159.5)100.0 (76.8–138.5)0.20840350.442
CRP (mg/L)20998111.2 (66.5–181.1)48.1 (22.1–112.9)<0.00197930.153
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)2109958.0 (34.0–78.8)55.0 (38.5–86.0)0.44756650.222
Ferritin (µg/L)9135916.0 (579.0–1815.5)1046.0 (386.5–1859.0)0.20890860.699
GGT (IU/L)20910057.0 (32.0–99.0)41.0 (23.0–83.2)0.03051401.000
LDH (IU/L)4812467.0 (351.2–631.2)503.5 (457.5–634.0)0.43292921.000
Magnesium (mmol/L)183810.9 (0.8–1.0)0.8 (0.8–1.0)0.02828320.582
Sodium (mmol/L)211100137.0 (134.0–140.0)137.0 (134.0–140.30)0.52135351.000
NT-proBNP (ng/L)3413221.5 (90.8–1077.5)427.0 (141.0–1678.0)0.27466770.448
Procalcitonin (µg/L)2881.2 (0.4–11.4)0.7 (0.3–2.5)0.594100100N/A
Phosphate (mmol/L)181811.0 (0.8–1.2)1.0 (0.9–1.2)0.14536300.395
Potassium (mmol/L)208984.2 (3.8–4.7)4.3 (3.9–4.8)0.21524190.502
Troponin T (ng/L)1224519.0 (8.2–52.2)35.0 (16.0–74.0)0.02362820.024
Total protein (g/L)21010071.0 (67.0–74.0)68.5 (64.0–71.2)<0.00112130.929
Urea (mmol/L)211997.0 (4.6–14.3)8.7 (5.9–13.9)0.05964670.738
  • P values <0.05 were taken as statistically significant.

  • N/A=χ2 test was not applicable to data where only abnormal results were recorded.

  • ALP, alkaline phosphatase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; CK, creatine kinase; CRP, C reactive protein; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; GGT, gamma-glutamyl transferase; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase; NT-proBNP, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide.