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Detection of specific IgG and IgM antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii with a commercially available enzyme immunoassay kit system.
  1. A H Balfour,
  2. J P Harford

    Abstract

    A total of 138 serum samples submitted for toxoplasma serology have been examined by enzyme immunoassay using kits produced by Labsystems Oy for the detection of specific antibodies of the IgG and IgM class. Results were compared with the dye test, an indirect haemagglutination test, and an indirect immunofluorescence test for specific IgM. The enzyme immunoassay was less sensitive than the dye test, but by running both IgG and IgM enzyme immunoassays, 92.4% sensitivity was achieved. The specificity of the enzyme immunoassay was good, with only one dye test negative serum giving a positive (but weak) IgG enzyme immunoassay reaction. Thirty serum samples from patients with no evidence of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii gave negative results in the IgM enzyme immunoassay. Enzyme immunoassay results were expressed in enzyme immunoassay units, as a percentage value of a standard serum. This convention will be of value in the direct comparison of assay systems and in the application of quality control procedures.

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